Farmaci durante la gravidanza
Doctors usually tell women to avoid medicines during pregnancy, if possible, especially during the first 3 months. That is when a baby's organs form. But sometimes you have to take medicine to treat a health problem, such as high blood pressure or asthma.
So first your doctor or midwife will look at the risk. Is the risk of taking a medicine higher than the risk of not treating your illness? If you or your baby would face worse problems without treatment, then your doctor or midwife will prescribe medicine or recommend an over-the-counter one. He or she will also look at which medicine to give you. For example, some antibiotics are safe for pregnant women. And some are not.
Che cosa si può prendere farmaci durante la gravidanza?
t can be hard to know if a medicine is safe for your baby. Most medicines are not studied in pregnant women. That's because researchers worry about how the medicines might affect the baby. But some medicines have been taken for so long by so many women that doctors have a good idea of how safe they are.
In general, doctors say it is usually safe to take:
- Acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) for fever and pain.
- Penicillin and some other antibiotics.
- HIV medicines.
- Some allergy medicines, including loratadine (such as Alavert and Claritin) and diphenhydramine (such as Benadryl).
- Some over-the-counter cold medicines.
- Some medicines for high blood pressure.
- Most asthma medicines.
- Some medicines for depression.
If you are planning a pregnancy, talk to your doctor or midwife about any medicines you take, even over-the-counter ones. Some of them may be safe to take while you're pregnant. But others may not be safe. Your doctor or midwife may have you stop taking a medicine or may switch you to another one. Some medicines that aren't safe in the first trimester may be safe to use later in the pregnancy.